Cumaru, also called Brazilian Teak (scientific name: Dipteryxodorata), has a heartwood of medium to dark brown color, with a red or purple hue. Some pieces of wood can have streaks green-brown or yellow. Its texture is medium, has a waxy feel and grain is interlocked.

Cumaru is commonly found in central and northern South America. It is very durable and rated highly resistant to decay and termite attack.

Janka Hardness :
14,800 N(3,330 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :
1,085 kg/m3(68 lbs/ft3)

Workability :
Density and interlocked grain make it harder to work with. Lumber with less interlocked grain can be surface planed to a smooth finish. Expect moderate blunting effect on cutting tools if lumber contains silica. High oil content and density make gluing difficult. Before nailing or screwing, pre-boring is required.


Pricing / Availability

Renowned for its lumber’s high tensile strength and hardness, Cumaru is a cheap exotic wood, especially when it is considered that it is imported.



It is not mentioned on the IUCN’s Red List and in the CITES Appendices.


Common uses

Preferred for heavy construction, ship docks, and railroad ties, due to its durability and affordability; it is also widely used to make furniture, cabinetry, tool handles, and for flooring purposes.



South Carolina


New Jersey


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