Red Oak (scientific name: Quercusrubra) has a heartwood of light to medium brown color, with a reddish cast. Sapwood is nearly white to light brown and not clearly distinguishable from the heartwood. Its texture is coarse and uneven, and grain is straight. Quarter cut/sawn sections have prominent ray fleck patterns.

Red Oak is commonly found in south eastern Canada and north eastern United States. It is not durable for heartwood decay.

Janka Hardness :
5,430 N (1,220 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :
700 kg/m3 (44 lbs/ft3)

Workability :
Good results achieved with either hand tools or machine tools.Turns well and responds well to steam bending. It is good with glues and stains and finishes well.Moderate to high shrinkage value results in poor dimensional stability, particularly in flat cut/sawn boards. Prone to reacting with iron, especially when wet, which causes discoloration and staining.


Pricing / Availability

Red Oak is a hardwood type that is readily available in almost all domestic markets in various thicknesses and in the form of flat-sawn and quarter-sawn lumber. It’s marginally cheaper than White Oak, but its quarter-sawn boards and thicker planks are relatively costlier.



It is not listed either in IUCN’s Red List or in the CITES Appendices.


Common uses

It is generally used in furniture, cabinetry and for flooring purposes as well as decorative purposes such as interior trims in households.




South Carolina


New Jersey


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