Walnut, also called Black Walnut (scientific name: Juglansnigra), has a heartwood of pale brown to dark brown color with dark brown streaks. Sapwood is pale yellow-grey to white. Figured grain patterns are also present. Its texture is medium, luster is moderate and grain is generally straight but may be slightly irregular.

Walnut is commonly found in eastern United States. It is very durable for resisting decay but prone to insect attack.

Janka Hardness :
4,490 N(1,010 lbf)

Average Dried Weight :
610 kg/m3(38 lbs/ft3)

Workability :
Easy to work with if the grain is straight and regular. If grain is irregular or figured, surface pieces can suffer tear-out during planing.It is good with glues and stains(even if staining is unlikely),and finishes well.Responds well to steam bending.


Pricing / Availability

Along with Oak, Ash is one of the least expensive types of utility hardwoods on offer in domestic markets.



It is mentioned in the IUCN’s Red List and falls under the ‘critically endangered’ category, as data suggests that there could be an 80% reduction in its population in its next three generations due to the introduction of new taxa. It is not mentioned in the CITES Appendices.


Common Uses / Applications

Ash is used for flooring, boxes, crates, and turned objects such as tool handles and baseball bats. It is also used in millwork.




South Carolina


New Jersey


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